Crypto Wiki

Crypto Wiki is a detailed reference tool that provides concise and clear explanations for every term and jargon used in the cryptocurrency industry.

  • Abnormal Return

    Abnormal return refers to unexpected profits from assets or securities within a specific time period. It signifies a deviation from normal or expected returns and is used to assess investment performance relative to the market or a benchmark.

  • Account Abstraction

    Account abstraction involves simplifying user interactions with a blockchain by customizing specific aspects of smart contract accounts. This process aims to enhance user experience and make it more user-friendly to interact with the blockchain.

  • Accountability

    Accountability entails the necessity or willingness to accept responsibility for one's actions.

  • Accounting Token

    Accounting tokens can be considered as tokenized representations of credit or debit entries, similar to how spreadsheet-based accounting systems function.

  • Accumulation Phase

    The accumulation phase refers to a stage in the market cycle that occurs immediately after a downtrend, characterized by institutional investors gradually purchasing assets in portions or tranches. This activity signals a potential positive uptrend in the market.

  • Accumulation/Distribution Indicator

    The accumulation/distribution indicator assesses the level of supply and demand for a stock, asset, or cryptocurrency by multiplying the closing price of a designated time period with the corresponding trading volume.

  • Adaptive State Sharding

    Adaptive State Sharding, implemented by Elrond, is a methodology that integrates various types of sharding into a unified approach. This integration aims to enhance communication and performance within the network.

  • Air Gap

    The concept of an air gap refers to the idea that when data cannot be accessed, it remains protected from potential infection or corruption.

  • Airdrop

    A token distribution marketing campaign refers to a promotional strategy that aims to distribute a particular cryptocurrency or token to a targeted audience.

  • Airnode

    Airnode is a specialized type of oracle node and API blockchain gateway designed to facilitate the integration of API providers with the API3 blockchain protocol. It enables API providers to deploy their data feeds onto the blockchain effectively.

  • Algo-Trading (Algorithmic Trading)

    Algo-trading refers to an automated trading system that executes buy and sell orders based on predefined rules set by a computer program or algorithm.

  • Algorithmic Market Operations (AMOs)

    Algorithmic Market Operations (AMOs) are mechanisms designed to automate the management of algorithmic stablecoins, ensuring efficient supply control. By leveraging these mechanisms, scalability, decentralization, and transparency of the stablecoin ecosystem can be enhanced.

  • Algorithmic Stablecoin

    An algorithmic stablecoin utilizes an underlying algorithm that adjusts the coin supply based on market conditions. When the price of the stablecoin rises, the algorithm generates additional coins, and conversely, when the price declines, the algorithm purchases coins from the market to stabilize the price.

  • All-Time-High (ATH) in Cryptocurrency: Definition and Guide

    Dive into our All-Time-High (ATH) guide: learn ATH definition and understand its significance and impact on the crypto market.

  • All-Time-Low (ATL)

    An "All-Time-Low" (ATL) in the context of cryptocurrencies represents the lowest price that a specific cryptocurrency has reached at any point in its trading history. It serves as a reference point for assessing the cryptocurrency's performance relative to its historical price levels.

  • Allocation

    Allocation refers to the distribution of equity or tokens that can be earned, purchased, or set aside for a particular team, group, investor, institution, or similar entity.

  • Alpha

    Alpha, in the context of finance, is a metric used to assess the performance of an investment in relation to its benchmark index within the market. It provides insight into the investment's ability to outperform or underperform the market's overall performance.

  • Altcoin

    The term "altcoins" emerged as a way to refer to all other cryptocurrencies besides Bitcoin, as Bitcoin was the pioneering cryptocurrency that gained global attention. "Altcoins" stands for "alternative coins," indicating that they are alternative digital currencies to Bitcoin.

  • Altcoin Trader

    A person who trades cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin is referred to as an altcoin trader. Altcoins are alternative digital currencies to Bitcoin, and traders specializing in these assets engage in trading activities specific to non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies.

  • Amended Return

    An amended return is a modified version of the original tax return that has been revised or corrected. It is typically filed when there are errors, omissions, or changes to the information provided in the initial tax return.

  • AMLD5

    The 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD5) of the European Union represents an enhancement to the Union's existing framework for combating money laundering and financial crime.

  • An Overview Of ASIC-Resistant

    Dive into ASIC resistance in crypto mining. Learn how it promotes fairness and decentralization, leveling the playing field for miners.

  • aNFT (Autonomous NFT)

    Autonomous Non-Fungible Tokens (aNFTs) are a type of non-fungible token that can be programmed to independently initiate transactions. These tokens possess the capability to execute predefined actions or transactions based on their programming logic, adding an element of automation and autonomy to their functionality.

  • Annual Percentage Yield (APY)

    Annual percentage yield (APY) refers to the rate of return achieved on a particular investment over the span of one year. It takes into account compounding interest, which is calculated and added to the investment on a regular basis, resulting in increased returns over time.

  • Annualized Rate of Return

    An annualized rate of return is a metric used to evaluate and monitor the performance of an investment over a specific period, typically a year. It provides a standardized way to measure and compare the returns of different investments, taking into account the duration of the investment and presenting the return as an annualized figure for easier comparison.

  • Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

    International laws have been established to prevent criminal organizations or individuals from using cryptocurrencies to launder money into traditional fiat currencies. These regulations are designed to combat money laundering activities and ensure the integrity of financial systems.

  • Apeing

    Apeing refers to the act of a cryptocurrency trader purchasing a token soon after its project launch without conducting extensive research or due diligence. It implies making impulsive investment decisions based on limited information or hype surrounding the token, often driven by FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) rather than careful analysis.

  • Arbitrage

    Arbitrage refers to the strategy of rapidly purchasing and selling an identical asset across multiple markets in order to exploit variations in prices among those markets.

  • Arbitrageur

    An arbitrageur is an investor who capitalizes on pricing inefficiencies that exist between two distinct markets. Their goal is to take advantage of the price differences by buying and selling assets in a manner that generates profits from the market discrepancies.

  • Arm Virtual Machine (Qtum)

    The Arm Virtual Machine of Qtum enables users to execute applications in a decentralized manner.

  • Aroon Indicator

    The Aroon Indicator is a tool utilized in financial markets to identify the presence of a trend, monitor its changes, identify potential corrective retracements, and assess the strength of the ongoing trend.

  • Ascending Channel

    Ascending channels are patterns in financial markets that indicate the continuation of a trend, characterized by an upward price action.

  • Ashdraked

    The total loss of a trader's invested capital, specifically due to shorting Bitcoin, resulting in the complete depletion of funds.

  • Ask Price

    The ask price, also known as the offer price, is the minimum price at which a seller is willing to sell an asset.

  • Asset-Backed Tokens

    Asset-backed tokens represent digital ownership of a physical asset and derive their value from being backed by that underlying asset.

  • Assets Under Management (AUM)

    Assets under management (AUM) quantifies the aggregate market value of all funds that an individual or financial institution oversees on behalf of their clients.

  • Atomic Swap

    The direct transfer of cryptocurrency from one party to another, bypassing the need for an exchange or intermediary.

  • AtomicDEX

    AtomicDEX is a comprehensive application that combines a cryptocurrency wallet and decentralized exchange (DEX) in a single platform, accessible across multiple platforms.

  • Attestation Ledger

    A ledger is a record-keeping book that serves as evidence for individual transactions, typically used to "attest" to the occurrence of a financial transaction.

  • Authentication

    Authentication is a procedure that verifies a user's identity by utilizing passwords, SMS codes, fingerprints, and other ownership proofs to grant access to sensitive and/or personal information or resources.

  • Automated Market Maker (AMM)

    An automated market maker (AMM) is a trading system that utilizes automation to provide liquidity within the exchange it functions in.

  • Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR)

    The annualized mean return refers to the average return on an individual investment, portfolio, asset, or cash flow over a one-year period. It represents the typical annual gain or loss generated by the investment or asset.

  • Average Annual Return (AAR)

    Average Annual Return (AAR) is a percentage that is calculated when reporting the historical return of an investment, portfolio, asset, or cash flow. It represents the average annualized gain or loss over a specified period, typically expressed as a percentage. AAR provides a standardized way to measure and compare the performance of different investments or assets over time.

  • Average Daily Trading Volume (ADTV)

    ADTV (Average Daily Trading Volume) of a stock or crypto is the daily average number of shares or coins traded.

  • Average Directional Index (ADX)

    The Average Directional Index (ADX) is a technical indicator that quantifies the strength of a market trend. It utilizes price moving averages to generate a numerical value between 1 and 100, indicating the strength of the trend.

  • Backorder

    A backorder is a term used to describe an order that cannot be fulfilled immediately due to insufficient product availability at the given time.

  • Backstop

    A form of insurance agreement that provides protection for unsubscribed shares of a company or serves as a secondary source of funds in the event that the primary funds are insufficient.

  • Bag

    In crypto slang, a "bag" typically refers to a significant amount of a specific cryptocurrency. It can also be used, albeit less commonly, to describe the overall contents of an individual's crypto portfolio.

  • Bagholder

    An investor who continues to hold substantial amounts of a specific coin or token, irrespective of its performance, is often referred to as a "bag holder."

  • Bait and Switch Scam

    This is a sales strategy known as "bait and switch," where a customer is initially lured in with a product or service at a low rate, but then persuaded or pressured to purchase a higher-priced alternative.

  • Baking

    In Tezos, baking is the process utilized to append new blocks of transactions onto its blockchain.

  • Batch Auctions

    Batch auctions are a trading mechanism where individual orders are grouped together and executed simultaneously, offering a more efficient and coordinated approach to trading.

  • Beacon Chain

    In a proof-of-stake (PoS) cryptocurrency like Ethereum 2.0, a blockchain serves as the coordinating platform for shard chains. It manages crucial functionalities such as staking and the registry of validators.

  • Bear Hug

    A bear hug refers to a situation where a potential buyer attempts a hostile takeover of a company by offering a significantly higher price than the target company's actual worth.

  • Bear Market

    A bear market is characterized by a decline of 20% or more in asset prices from their recent highs. It signifies a period of pessimism in the economy and market, leading to diminished investor confidence.

  • Bear Trap

    A bear trap refers to a situation in which a group of traders, collectively holding a significant amount of a cryptocurrency.

  • Bearwhale

    A bearwhale is an individual who possesses a significant amount of cryptocurrencies and leverages their substantial account to deliberately push the price downward, aiming to profit from the resulting decline.

  • BEP-2 (Binance Chain Tokenization Standard)

    A technical standard for tokens on Binance Chain refers to a set of specifications and guidelines that define the structure, functionality, and interoperability of tokens built and operating on the Binance Chain platform.

  • BEP-20

    BEP-20 is a token standard on Binance Chain designed to expand upon ERC-20 capabilities.

  • BEP-721

    BEP-721 is a token standard specific to Binance Smart Chain (BSC) that facilitates the creation of non-fungible tokens (NFTs). It is regarded as an extension of the widely adopted ERC-721 standard, known for its popularity and use in the NFT space.

  • BEP-95 (Bruno Hard Fork Upgrade)

    The Binance Evolution Protocol (BEP-95) is a hard fork upgrade known as Bruno, which seeks to enhance the efficiency of the BNB token burning process by accelerating its speed.

  • Binary Code

    Binary code is a numerical system that employs two symbols, "0" and "1," to represent various forms of data, including text, computer processor commands, and other types of information.

  • Bitcoin ATM (BTM)

    A Bitcoin ATM, also known as a cashpoint or automated teller machine (ATM), is a specialized machine that enables users to buy and sell Bitcoin and, in some cases, other cryptocurrencies.

  • Bitcoin DApps

    Bitcoin DApps are decentralized applications that operate on Bitcoin-powered blockchains and leverage the core functionalities of the Bitcoin network.

  • Bitcoin Dominance (BTCD)

    Bitcoin Dominance is a metric used to measure the percentage of the total cryptocurrency market share that is attributed to Bitcoin. It helps determine the extent to which Bitcoin holds dominance and influence over the broader cryptocurrency market.

  • Bitcoin ETF

    A Bitcoin ETF is an investment fund that tracks the price of Bitcoin and allows investors to trade its shares on an exchange.

  • Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP)

    The commonly accepted structure for documents suggesting modifications to Bitcoin.

  • Bitcoin Maximalist

    What is a Bitcoin Maximalist? Discover its belief in Bitcoin's dominance and its challenges in the crypto world.

  • Bitcoin Misery Index (BMI)

    Investors utilize the Bitcoin Misery Index (BMI) as a financial instrument with a scale spanning from 0 to 100.

  • Bitcoin NFTs

    Bitcoin-based blockchains minting non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and protected by the Bitcoin network are commonly referred to as Bitcoin NFTs.

  • Bitcoin Pizza

    Bitcoin Pizza is the term used to describe the well-known transaction in which an individual named Laszlo Hanyecz exchanged 10,000 Bitcoins for two pizzas, marking the initial real-world business transaction involving Bitcoin.

  • Bitcoin Unlimited

    Discover Bitcoin Unlimited's Legacy and its Support for eCash (XEC) – Learn About Blockchain Advancements and Free Bitcoin Realities.

  • Black Swan Event

    A black swan event, alternatively referred to as black swan occurrences, serves as a metaphor for an unforeseen event that possesses a substantial impact.

  • Blake-256

    Blake-256, utilized in Decred, is a hash algorithm created by a team of individuals including Jean-Philippe Aumasson, Luca Henzen, Willi Meier, and Raphael C.-W. Phan.

  • Block

    Blocks are fundamental components of a blockchain and refer to files that contain information about transactions conducted within a specific timeframe. Each block within the blockchain encapsulates a set of completed transactions, creating a chronological record of the transaction history.

  • Block Explorer

    An application that enables users to access and explore the specific details of blocks within a given blockchain is commonly referred to as a "block explorer" or "blockchain browser."

  • Block Header

    A block header serves as a distinctive identifier for a block within a blockchain and undergoes continuous hashing to provide proof-of-work for mining incentives.

  • Block Height

    The term used to describe the number of blocks that come before a specific block in the blockchain is called the "block height."

  • Block Producer

    A block producer (BP) refers to an individual or group whose hardware is selected to validate a block's transactions and initiate the subsequent block in the majority of Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchains.

  • Block Reward

    The coins granted to a miner or a group of miners upon successfully solving the cryptographic puzzle necessary for generating a new block in a specific blockchain.

  • Block Size

    In the realm of blockchain technology, block size denotes the capacity of a single block within the chain to accommodate data related to transactions.

  • Block Time

    Block time is a term used in blockchain technology to describe the estimated duration it takes for a blockchain-based system to generate and validate a new block.

  • Block Trade

    A block trade is a significant transaction involving the purchase or sale of securities that takes place outside of the regular open market. This type of trade often involves a financial intermediary known as a blockhouse, which assists investors in managing risks associated with the transaction.

  • Blockchain

    A distributed ledger system is a network of computers that maintains a sequential arrangement of blocks, which are units of digital information, stored in a publicly accessible database. This ledger system serves as the foundation for cryptocurrencies and enables transparent and secure transactional records.

  • Blockchain 1.0

    Blockchain 1.0 represents the initial iteration of blockchain technology, emphasizing the core elements of cryptocurrency and decentralization.

  • Blockchain 2.0

    Blockchain 2.0 is an evolutionary step beyond blockchain 1.0, introducing advancements such as the implementation of smart contracts and enhancing the decentralization of businesses and markets. This iteration also emphasizes improved security and transparency as essential components of the technology.

  • Blockchain 3.0

    Blockchain 3.0 represents the ultimate stage of development in blockchain technology, envisioning widespread adoption at a global scale by institutions and enterprises. This stage anticipates the integration of blockchain into various sectors and industries as a transformative solution.

  • Blockchain Explorer

    A blockchain explorer functions as a search engine that enables users to navigate and explore the records stored within a blockchain.

  • Blockchain Mutual Credit

    Blockchain mutual credit refers to a framework that enables the creation of stable cryptocurrencies by leveraging multilateral exchange networks. This approach allows for the derivation of digital currencies that maintain stability within the blockchain ecosystem.

  • Blockchain Transmission Protocol (BTP)

    The Blockchain Transmission Protocol (BTP) facilitates the seamless operation of isolated blockchains as a fully decentralized settlement layer. By securely anchoring transactions through a universal protocol, BTP ensures reliable and secure transmission of data across different blockchain networks. This enables interoperability and enhances the overall decentralization of the blockchain ecosystem.

  • Blockchain Tribalism

    Blockchain tribalism describes the tendency of individuals in the blockchain or crypto community to align themselves ideologically with specific blockchains or cryptocurrencies.

  • Blockchain Trilemma

    The blockchain trilemma represents the three core challenges that commonly afflict blockchains: decentralization, security, and scalability. These issues pose significant obstacles in achieving a balance among these three essential aspects within a blockchain system.

  • Blockchain-Enabled Smart Locks

    Blockchain-enabled smart locks provide secure solutions to security issues by utilizing embedded variables in smart contracts to control their lock and unlock states.

  • Bluesky Crypto Protocol

    There is no known information about the Bluesky crypto protocol organized by Twitter as of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021.

  • Bonding Curve

    A bonding curve is a mathematical curve that establishes the connection between the price and the supply of a specific asset. It provides a framework for determining how the price of the asset changes as its supply varies.

  • Bottomshelf Bitcoin

    Bottomshelf Bitcoin podcast: Your guide to Bitcoin's essentials and insights from its vibrant community

  • Bridges

    A blockchain bridge facilitates the smooth transfer of data or tokens between two distinct blockchain projects. It serves as a connection or interoperability mechanism that enables the transfer of assets or information across different blockchain networks.

  • Bubble

    When an asset is traded at a price higher than its intrinsic value.

  • Bug Exploit

    A bug exploit refers to an attack that exploits vulnerabilities within a system to gain unauthorized access or control.

  • Bull Market

    A bull market in crypto and stock markets indicates a period when asset prices experience significant growth. These markets serve as a motivating factor for both investors and buyers, as the prices of assets rise substantially during this time.

  • Bull Run

    A bull run, or bull trend, refers to a prolonged period in the financial market when the values of specific assets consistently and significantly increase over time. It signifies a market condition characterized by upward price momentum and optimism among investors.

  • Bull Trap

    A bull trap happens when a declining asset briefly reverses and appears to move upwards before continuing its downward trajectory.

  • Burn/Burned

    Cryptocurrency tokens or coins are classified as "burned" when they have been intentionally and permanently removed from circulation.

  • Buy Wall

    A buy wall refers to a significantly large buy limit order that is placed on a cryptocurrency exchange, creating a visible barrier of demand at a specific price level.

  • Byron Phase

    The Byron Phase represents the initial phase of the Cardano blockchain, which was launched in September 2017.

  • Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT)

    Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) is a property of a computer system that enables it to achieve consensus even in the presence of failures or malicious behavior exhibited by certain components within the system.

  • Byzantium Fork

    The Byzantium hard fork aimed to make Ethereum's smart contracts more suitable for commercial use and improve transaction speed by implementing various enhancements.

  • Candlesticks

    A candlestick chart displays price changes over time and provides information on opening, closing, high, and low prices.

  • Capitulation

    Capitulation refers to the act of selling assets or cryptocurrencies at a considerable loss due to a loss of hope or belief in their potential for future price increases.

  • Casascius Coin

    A physical unit of Bitcoin, typically in the form of brass, silver, or gold-plated coins.

  • Cascading Liquidations

    Cascading liquidation refers to a situation where successive liquidations occur, leading to a rapid and significant price change.

  • Casper (Ethereum)

    Casper is a project aimed at integrating Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism into the Ethereum network.

  • CeDeFi

    CeDeFi, short for centralized decentralized finance, merges traditional centralized financial services with decentralized applications, blending conventional regulatory policies with modern financial systems.

  • Censorship Resistance

    Censorship resistance is the concept that no entity can hinder or prevent individuals from participating in a specific platform or network.

  • Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)

    CBDCs, or Central Bank Digital Currencies, are digital currencies issued by a central bank that obtain their legal tender status based on government regulations or laws.

  • Central Ledger

    A central ledger is a record-keeping system, whether in the form of a physical book or a computer file, used to centrally track and document transactions.

  • Centralized Exchange (CEX)

    Centralized exchanges (CEXs) are cryptocurrency exchanges that are owned and operated by a single company in a centralized manner.

  • Centre (Consortium)

    Centralization refers to a system that relies on a central point of authority to make decisions and oversee the entire entity.

  • Chain Split

    Chain splits, also known as cryptocurrency forks, refer to the division of a single original coin into multiple independently managed projects.

  • Changpeng Zhao (CZ)

    Changpeng Zhao (CZ) is the founder of Binance, a prominent cryptocurrency exchange.

  • Chunk (NEAR)

    In the NEAR protocol, a chunk refers to a portion of each block generated through the process of sharding.

  • Cipher

    Ciphers play a crucial role in cryptography, by enabling the exchange of information confidentially, impervious to unauthorized access.

  • Ciphertext

    Ciphertext is encrypted plaintext generated by an algorithm.

  • Circle

    Circle is the creator of USDC, a Fintech firm.

  • Circulating Supply

    The closest estimate of the number of coins in circulation and held by the public.

  • Cloud Mining

    Cryptocurrency mining utilizing rented remote processing power from companies.

  • Coin Mixer

    Coin mixers provide a method for users to obfuscate transactions between different cryptocurrency addresses, making them untraceable and preventing tracking back to the original sender or receiver of the assets.

  • Coinbase Transaction

    The initial transaction within a new block is called a coinbase transaction, where the miner receives Bitcoins and mining fees.

  • Cold Storage

    Offline storage of cryptocurrencies usually involves non-custodial hardware wallets, USBs, offline computers, or paper wallets.

  • Cold Wallet

    A cryptocurrency wallet kept in cold storage, meaning it is not connected to the internet.

  • Collateral Cap

    Collateral cap is a security measure that aims to distribute lending risk across multiple assets within a protocol.

  • Collateral Factor

    Collateral Factor is the maximum borrowing limit, expressed as a percentage, determined by the total assets supplied by a user.

  • Collateral Tokens

    In cryptocurrency, collateral tokens are utilized as a risk mitigation asset when borrowing different types of crypto tokens.

  • Collateralization

    Collateralization is the practice of utilizing one asset as insurance to secure a loan in another asset.

  • Collateralized Debt Position (CDP)

    A collateralized debt position involves locking collateral in smart contracts to generate stablecoins.

  • Collateralized Stablecoin

    A "collateralized stablecoin" is a stablecoin that is predominantly or entirely backed by collateral held in a reserve.

  • Composable DeFi

    Composable DeFi refers to the interoperability among various DeFi protocols.

  • Composable Token

    A composable token refers to an ERC-998 token, an extension of non-fungible tokens that enables them to possess other non-fungible (ERC-721) and fungible (ERC-20) tokens.

  • Concentrated Liquidity

    Concentrated liquidity refers to the capability of liquidity providers (LPs) to choose a specific price range along the curve to provide liquidity.

  • Confirmation

    In cryptocurrency, confirmation is a measure of the number of blocks that have been added to the blockchain since a transaction was included.

  • Confirmations

    A cryptocurrency transaction is deemed confirmed when it is included in a block on the blockchain. Each subsequent block serves as an additional confirmation for that transaction.

  • Consensus

    Consensus is attained when all network participants reach an agreement regarding the order and content of blocks in the blockchain.

  • Consensus Mechanism

    A consensus mechanism is a fundamental technology that underlies the main functionalities of all blockchain technology, making it a crucial operating component of cryptocurrencies.

  • Consolidation

    Consolidation in trading occurs when a crypto asset trades within a range, and the market exhibits uncertainty regarding the next price movement.

  • Consortium Blockchain

    A privately owned and operated blockchain, in which a consortium shares information not easily accessible to the public, while leveraging the immutability and transparency of the chain.

  • Contract Account

    A contract account is an account that holds a cryptocurrency balance and has associated code.

  • Core Wallet

    A core crypto wallet has the capacity to store the entire blockchain, rather than only a portion of it.

  • Corporate Treasury

    A corporate treasury is established to oversee and manage the liquidity, risk, funds, capital reserves, and other resources of a company, in accordance with its short and long-term strategies.

  • Cross-Chain

    Cross-chain technology improves the interconnection between blockchain networks by facilitating the exchange of information and value.

  • Cross-Chain Communication

    Cross-chain communication enables different blockchains to validate data and transactions without relying on a centralized third-party service.

  • Cross-chain Contract Calls

    Cross-chain contract calls enable the transfer of information, cryptocurrencies, or NFTs that are typically limited to their respective networks, to move seamlessly between blockchains using smart contracts.

  • Crowdloan

    The practice of new projects raising funds through DOT or KSM tokens to secure slots on the Kusama or Polkadot network.

  • Crypto Halving: Definition, History and How It Works

    Here's what you need to know about halving, also known as a halvening - a deflationary event that occurs in a blockchain system.

  • Crypto Invoicing

    Crypto invoicing refers to the process of generating invoices for goods and services that are to be paid in cryptocurrencies.

  • Crypto Loan

    A crypto loan is a secured loan, akin to an auto or student loan, where you provide an asset as collateral to obtain financing.

  • Crypto Wallet: Your Go-To for Keeping Your Coins Safe

    Explore the comprehensive process of storing, managing, and safeguarding your digital assets with crypto wallets.

  • Crypto Winter

    Crypto winter refers to a phase in the cryptocurrency market when the prices of major coins experience a significant decline from their all-time highs.

  • Cryptocurrency Pairs

    Exchanges employ cryptocurrency pairs to enable the trading of different tokens.

  • Cryptographic Hash Function

    Cryptographic hash functions generate a hash value of fixed size from an input of variable size, typically used in transaction processing.

  • Cryptography

    The field of study and practice focused on securing information to prevent unauthorized access by third parties.

  • Cryptojacking

    The unauthorized utilization of another party's computer to mine cryptocurrency.

  • Cryptology

    Cryptology encompasses the scientific study of both cryptography and cryptanalysis.

  • CryptoPunks

    A collection of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) built on the Ethereum blockchain.

  • CuraDAI / CuraDAO

    Discover CuraDAI: Curaçao's digital currency powered by blockchain for seamless transactions, and learn about its mysterious shutdown.

  • Curve AMO

    Curve is a software platform that utilizes multiple cryptocurrencies to provide an automated market maker (AMM) service, primarily focused on stablecoins—cryptocurrencies designed to replicate the value of other assets.

  • Custodial

    Custodial cryptocurrency businesses are entities that hold their customers' funds while their services are being utilized.

  • Custodian

    A custodian is entrusted with the responsibility of securely holding assets on behalf of institutions or individuals for various purposes.

  • Custody

    Custody refers to the legal authority of a financial institution to safeguard and protect financial assets on behalf of its clients, mitigating the risk of asset theft or loss.

  • Cypherpunk

    The cypherpunk movement advocates for the utilization of cryptography and privacy-centric technologies to drive social and political advancements.

  • DAO Summoning

    DAO summoning refers to the process of creating or establishing a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO).

  • Darknodes

    RenVM is powered by Darknodes, which form a decentralized network of computers. Darknodes contribute their computing power and storage space to the network in exchange for compensation, subject to specific conditions.

  • Day Trading In Cryptocurrency: Definition, Basics and Patterns

    Day trading in cryptocurrency, explained: here's how traders capitalize on market volatility, execute same-day trades, and boost profits.

  • Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary rebound in prices following a prolonged decline.

  • Dead Coin

    A defunct cryptocurrency that is no longer active or in existence.

  • Death Cross: Definitions, Insights, and Examples

    Learn about Death Cross, a technical tool for trading decisions and market trend prediction. A simple definition and real-life examples.

  • Decentralization Ratio

    The Decentralization Ratio (DR) represents the proportion of collateral value that is decentralized compared to the total stablecoin supply backed by those assets.

  • Decentralized API (dAPI)

    Decentralized Application Programming Interfaces (dAPIs) are API services that are inherently compatible and interoperable with blockchain technology. This innovation is introduced by the API3 protocol.

  • Decentralized Applications (DApps)

    A decentralized application (DApp) is a type of application that operates on a decentralized network, eliminating the risk of a single point of failure.

  • Decentralized Autonomous Initial Coin Offerings (DAICO)

    Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) is a funding method for projects that incorporates governance elements in the ICO process, enabling backers to vote for fund returns under specific conditions.

  • Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO)

    A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is an organization that operates based on computer-defined rules and smart contracts on the blockchain, allowing for decentralized governance and decision-making.

  • Decentralized Currency

    Decentralized currency refers to a form of currency that operates without the need for traditional banking institutions or intermediaries. It enables the direct transfer of wealth or ownership of commodities between parties, leveraging decentralized technologies such as blockchain to ensure security, transparency, and autonomy in financial transactions.

  • Decentralized Database Dynamics: Redefining Data Management

    Discover the power and potential of decentralized networks - where anonymity, resilience, and independence are key.

  • Decentralized Exchange (DEX)

    A decentralized peer-to-peer exchange enables direct cryptocurrency trading between users without intermediaries.

  • Decentralized Governance

    Decentralized governance is the process of managing and making decisions for blockchain networks and decentralized applications (dApps) in a disintermediated and equitable manner.

  • Decentralized Identifier (DID)

    A decentralized identifier (DID) is a digital identity that can be issued by an autonomous, independent, and decentralized platform, serving as a proof of ownership for digital identities.

  • Decentralized Marketplace

    A decentralized marketplace, built on blockchain technology, enables traders and investors to directly trade with each other without intermediaries. These marketplaces operate globally and eliminate the need for intermediaries.

  • Decentralized Network

    A decentralized network is a system where individual elements are interconnected and interact with each other without relying on a central authority or server.

  • Decentralized Payment Network

    A decentralized payment network is a system that enables users, customers, and vendors to exchange money directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party to secure and facilitate the transactions.

  • Decentralized Social Media

    Decentralized social media refers to a social media platform that operates on a blockchain or utilizes decentralized technologies. It aims to provide users with greater control over their data, enhanced privacy, and the ability to participate in content moderation and platform governance.

  • Decentralized Stablecoin

    Decentralized stablecoins are transparent and non-custodial cryptocurrencies that minimize or eliminate third-party control.

  • DeFi Aggregator: Your Go-To Resource for DeFi Aggregation

    Check out our comprehensive guide on DeFi aggregation and associated terminology, covering everything from basics to complex concepts.

  • DeFi Degens

    DeFi degenerates are associated with disreputable practices in decentralized finance, including pump and dump schemes.

  • Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW)

    Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW) is a security mechanism implemented as a second layer of consensus to safeguard blockchains against 51% attacks that could compromise the network's integrity.

  • Delegated Proof-of-Stake (dPOS)

    An alternative consensus algorithm to both Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and Proof-of-Work (PoW) is a different approach used to validate and secure transactions in a blockchain network.

  • Desktop Wallet

    A desktop wallet refers to a software wallet that is typically non-custodial in nature.

  • Deterministic Wallet

    A deterministic cryptocurrency wallet is a type of wallet that generates keys and addresses from a single seed.

  • Dex Aggregator

    DEX aggregators are a recent type of blockchain-based service that enables cryptocurrency traders to access a wide range of financial tools through a single interface. These aggregators often offer enhanced convenience by providing traders with access to multiple decentralized exchanges (DEXs), liquidity pools, and other related services.

  • Dharma Protocol

    An open-source stack designed for constructing debt markets on the Ethereum blockchain.

  • Diamond Hands

    "Diamond Hands" is a widely used term on social media platforms to describe individuals who maintain their coin holdings even when their portfolio experiences a decline in value exceeding 20%.

  • Digital Asset

    A digital asset refers to a digital representation of something valuable.

  • Digital Asset Custodian

    A digital asset custodian is responsible for safeguarding digital assets on behalf of investors or clients.

  • Digital Asset Ecosystem

    The digital asset ecosystem is a comprehensive term that encompasses all aspects of the cryptocurrency space, including NFTs, futures, and other associated facilities and elements.

  • Digital Currency

    A digital currency exists solely in digital form, contrasting with traditional physical currencies.

  • Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA)

    Credentials or identification data utilized by an individual or entity to authenticate their identity to a computer or network.

  • Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG)

    Data structuring method commonly employed for data modeling and increasingly utilized as a consensus tool in cryptocurrencies.

  • Distributed Consensus

    Consensus achieved among network nodes through collective agreement.

  • Distributed Ledger

    Distributed ledgers are ledgers where data is stored across a network of decentralized nodes.

  • Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT)

    A database shared by multiple participants across different locations, forming the foundation of blockchains.

  • Distribution Phase

    The distribution phase denotes the opposite of the accumulation phase, characterized by a sideways market movement and range-bound behavior following an extended uptrend.

  • Documentation

    Documentation is a component of token economies that stores comprehensive asset details on the blockchain.

  • Dolphin

    An individual with a moderate cryptocurrency holding.

  • Dominance

    A metric indicating Bitcoin's value in relation to the broader cryptocurrency market.

  • Dorian Nakamoto

    Dorian Nakamoto is a Japanese-American physicist whom some speculate to be Satoshi Nakamoto.

  • DotSama

    DotSama is a newly coined term in the crypto community, representing the combined Kusama and Polkadot ecosystems.

  • Double Spend Attack

    A double-spend attack refers to the practice of spending the same cryptocurrency more than once in the realm of digital currencies.

  • Double Spending

    The potential for a digital currency to be spent twice.

  • dPoSec (Distributed Proof of Security)

    dPoSec (Distributed Proof of Security) is a consensus mechanism designed to ensure the continuity of blockchain network operation even if one-third of the nodes are compromised.

  • Dual-Token Economy and Model: Definition and Framework

    Here's what you need to know about dual-token economy, also known as a dual-token model or system, in crypto projects.

  • Dump

    A sudden and significant sale of digital assets.

  • Dust Transactions

    Minuscule amounts of Bitcoin held in a wallet, typically outweighed by the transaction fee required for their transfer.

  • Dusting Attack

    An attack aimed at revealing the identity of a wallet owner, which can be exploited in phishing scams.

  • DYCO (Dynamic Coin Offering)

    DYCO (dynamic coin offering) is a novel crowdfunding model developed by DAO Maker that employs utility tokens backed by USD.

  • DYOR

    DYOR stands for "Do Your Own Research," encouraging investors to conduct thorough due diligence on a project before investing.

  • Edge Nodes

    In computer science, an edge node denotes a computer that acts as a gateway for end-users to establish connections with other nodes.

  • Effective Proof-of-Stake

    Effective Proof-of-Stake is Harmony's implementation of the Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism, aiming to achieve both security and decentralization.

  • Electrum Wallet

    A user-friendly Bitcoin wallet designed for Windows, Mac, and Linux operating systems.

  • ELI5

    "ELI5" is an abbreviation for "explain like I'm five," which is a request for simplified explanations of complex crypto concepts.

  • Emission

    The rate at which new coins are generated and released.

  • Encryption

    Encryption is a technique that transforms information into a coded form.

  • Enterprise Blockchain

    Enterprise blockchain refers to the application of distributed ledger technology for non-speculative business purposes. These blockchain networks are designed to meet the specific requirements of enterprises and can be either private or public.

  • Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA)

    A consortium of organizations and companies collaborating to enhance the Ethereum network.

  • Epoch

    In machine learning, an epoch represents a complete iteration of the training dataset through the algorithm.

  • ERC-1155

    The ERC-1155 digital token standard, developed by Enjin, offers enhanced security compared to older token standards.

  • ERC-20

    Tokens exclusively designed for use on the Ethereum platform.

  • ERC-223

    ERC-223 is an Ethereum token standard that utilizes smart contracts to securely transfer tokens to digital wallets.

  • ERC-721

    A token standard specifically designed for non-fungible tokens (NFTs) on the Ethereum blockchain.

  • ERC-777

    ERC-777 is a token standard derived from ERC-20, introducing a new method of interacting with token contracts while maintaining backward compatibility.

  • ERC-827

    ERC-827 is an Ethereum token standard that addresses limitations of ERC-20, specifically in the implementation of calls during transfers and approvals.

  • ERC-884

    ERC-884 facilitates the creation of tradable ERC-20 tokens, each representing a numberless share issued by a Delaware corporation.

  • ERC-948

    ERC-948 is an innovative Ethereum token protocol designed to facilitate subscription-based transactions and connect subscription businesses with customers.

  • Ethash

    Ethash is the mining algorithm employed for proof-of-work consensus in Ethereum and ETH-based cryptocurrencies.

  • Ether

    Ether is the native cryptocurrency used as payment within the Ethereum distributed application platform.

  • Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP)

    Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs) define standards for the Ethereum platform, encompassing core protocol specifications, client APIs, and contract standards.

  • Ethereum Request For Comment (ERC)

    Ethereum Request for Comment (ERC) is the protocol through which developers introduce new improvements to the Ethereum network.

  • Ethereum Transaction

    Ethereum transactions consist of cryptographically signed instructions that initiate updates to the state of the Ethereum network.

  • Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)

    A Turing-complete virtual machine serves as the runtime environment for executing code precisely as intended, particularly for smart contracts.

  • Exchange

    Cryptocurrency exchanges are platforms that enable customers to trade cryptocurrencies for fiat money or other digital currencies.

  • Exit Scam

    An exit scam refers to a deceptive practice where projects vanish or shut down after collecting funds from investors.

  • Falling Knife

    A falling knife describes a rapid decline in the price of an asset, indicating a downward momentum in the financial market.

  • Falling Wedge

    Falling wedges, also known as descending wedges, exhibit a distinct downward slope and have a bullish bias compared to symmetrical triangles, which lack a discernible slope and bias.

  • Fan Token

    A fan token is a cryptocurrency issued by a specific sports team, providing holders with participation in governance activities and granting exclusive rewards and discounts.

  • FATF Travel Rule

    The FATF Travel Rule mandates virtual asset service providers to implement regulations for sharing information on certain large transactions.

  • Faucet

    A cryptocurrency reward system, typically found on websites or apps, that incentivizes users for completing specific tasks.

  • Fee Tiers

    Fee tiers pertain to the fee structure that determines the charges imposed when investors deposit or withdraw funds and execute trades on a cryptocurrency exchange.

  • Fiat

    Fiat currency refers to "legal tender" backed by a central government, such as the Federal Reserve, and its associated banking system, like fractional reserve banking.

  • Fiat On-Ramp

    A fiat-on ramp is a method for converting regular money (fiat) into cryptocurrency.

  • Fiat-Pegged Crypto: Stability Amidst Volatility in the MarketFiat-Pegged Cryptocurrency

    Discover everything you need to know about fiat-pegged cryptos, including their design, implementation, and impact on digital currencies.

  • Fibonacci Retracement Level

    The Fibonacci retracement method utilizes a set of key numbers known as Fibonacci ratios to identify support and resistance levels for assets, stocks, or cryptocurrencies.

  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

    The FATF (Financial Action Task Force) is a global organization that establishes international standards to combat money laundering and terrorist financing (AML/CFT).

  • First-Mover Advantage (FMA)

    First-Mover Advantage (FMA) refers to a company or organization that gains an advantage over competitors by being the first to introduce a breakthrough product or service to the market.

  • Flash Loan

    A flash loan involves borrowing and repaying a specific amount of liquidity within the same transaction or block.

  • Flash Loan Attack

    Flash loan attacks occur when malicious actors exploit vulnerabilities in smart contracts.

  • Flippening

    A hypothetical scenario where Ethereum's market capitalization surpasses that of Bitcoin.

  • FOMO

    FOMO stands for "Fear of Missing Out" and refers to the anxiety or excitement people feel when they believe others are experiencing a rewarding opportunity that they might miss out on.

  • Fractional Stablecoins

    A fractional stablecoin is a type of stablecoin that is backed by collateral and algorithmically adjusted.

  • Fraud Proof System: Understanding Its Role and Impact

    Find out why having a fraud-proof system in place is so important and how it affects the security and scalability of Blockchain.

  • Front Running

    Front running occurs when an individual places a transaction in a queue based on advance knowledge of a future transaction.

  • FUD

    FUD is an acronym that stands for "Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt." It is a strategy employed to influence the perception of certain cryptocurrencies or the cryptocurrency market as a whole by spreading negative or misleading information.

  • FUDster

    Someone who spreads FUD is engaging in the act of disseminating fear, uncertainty, and doubt regarding cryptocurrencies or the market.

  • Full Node

    Full nodes are participants in a blockchain network that download and store the entire history of the blockchain to observe and enforce its rules.

  • Fully Diluted Value (FDV)

    FDV, or Fully Diluted Valuation, represents the total worth or market capitalization of a cryptocurrency if the entire supply of tokens were in circulation.

  • Fundamental Analysis (FA)

    Fundamental analysis is a method of researching the intrinsic value of an asset by examining factors such as technology, team, growth prospects, and other indicators. It is often used as part of the investment decision-making process.

  • Fungible

    Fungibility in the realm of cryptocurrency refers to the interchangeability of coins or tokens, allowing any identical unit to be substituted for another.

  • Futures

    A futures contract is a legally binding agreement that establishes the purchase or sale of a specific commodity or asset at a predetermined price and a specified time in the future.

  • Game Channels

    Game channels represent the latest technological breakthrough in blockchain gaming, facilitating swift gameplay by eliminating the need to wait for block confirmations.

  • GameFi

    GameFi, also known as play-to-earn (P2E) games, is a relatively recent concept in the gaming and cryptocurrency sectors. It pertains to games that incorporate economic and financial elements into their design.

  • Gas

    On the Ethereum platform, the term "gas" signifies a unit of measurement for quantifying the computational effort required to execute transactions, smart contracts, or launch DApps on the Ethereum network.

  • Gas Limit

    On the Ethereum platform, the term "gas limit" denotes the maximum amount of gas a user is willing to expend on a transaction.

  • Gas Price

    On the Ethereum platform, the term "gas price" represents the amount a user is willing to pay for a transaction.

  • Gas Station Networks (GSN)

    Gas Station Networks (GSN) enable the development of decentralized applications (dApps) that offer transaction payment services, eliminating the need for users to hold Ether or ETH to cover gas costs.

  • Gems

    The term "gem" is used to describe lesser-known, low-cap coins that possess significant potential or are deemed to be substantially undervalued.

  • Genesis Block

    The initial block of data that undergoes processing and validation to establish a new blockchain is commonly referred to as either "block 0" or "block 1."

  • Geotagged NFT

    Geotagged non-fungible tokens (NFTs) incorporate 3D renditions of street art, coupled with their corresponding geographical locations. These NFTs enable art enthusiasts to possess both the virtual representation and the physical artwork. This innovative approach allows for a unique fusion of digital and tangible art ownership.

  • Geth

    Geth, which stands for Go Ethereum, is a command-line interface designed for developers to operate full Ethereum nodes. It provides functionalities such as mining the cryptocurrency and executing smart contracts on the Ethereum network.

  • Goguen Phase

    The Goguen phase of Cardano enables the creation and deployment of smart contracts and decentralized applications (DApps).

  • Gold-Backed Cryptocurrency

    A gold-backed coin or token is a form of digital currency that represents a specific value of gold. For example, one coin may be equivalent to the weight of one physical gram of gold.

  • Golden Cross

    The golden cross is a bullish technical trading indicator that indicates an impending price increase for an asset, stock, or cryptocurrency.

  • Governance

    In the realm of cryptocurrencies, governance refers to the individuals or organizations bestowed with decision-making authority concerning a particular project.

  • Governance Token

    A governance token is a type of token that grants the holder the ability to participate in voting on decisions that impact a particular ecosystem.

  • Gray Swan Event

    A gray swan refers to a notable event that could be anticipated, although its likelihood is considered low.

  • Green Candle

    A green candle represents a situation where the closing price of an asset is higher than its opening price.

  • Group Mining

    In contrast to solo mining, group mining involves multiple individuals mining collectively.

  • Gwei

    The term used to specify the unit of measurement for the cost of gas in transactions involving Ether.

  • Hal Finney

    Hal Finney, a renowned cryptographer and programmer, played a pivotal role in the early development of Bitcoin alongside Satoshi Nakamoto.

  • Hard Cap

    A hard cap represents the upper limit or maximum supply of a digital asset.

  • Hard Fork (Blockchain)

    A protocol change known as a soft fork validates transactions previously considered invalid while invalidating transactions that were previously deemed valid.

  • Hard Fork Combinator

    The hard fork combinator, initially devised by IOHK, is a tool used to integrate protocols specifically within the Cardano blockchain following a hard fork.

  • Hard Peg

    A hard peg refers to an exchange rate policy in which a currency is fixed at a predetermined rate against another currency.

  • Hardware Wallet

    A hardware wallet is a cryptocurrency wallet that typically resembles a USB stick, offering secure storage for digital assets.

  • Hash

    A hash is the unique output produced by a hashing algorithm, generating a fixed-length string used to encrypt and secure a specific set of arbitrary data.

  • Hash Function

    A cryptographic hash function is a type of function used to transform data of any size into data of a fixed size. This is commonly used in cryptography. *See Cryptographic Hash Function.

  • Hash Power / Hash Rate

    Hashrate is a unit of measurement indicating the amount of computing power consumed by a network to sustain continuous operation.

  • Hashed Timelock Contract (HTLC)

    A hashed timelock contract (HTLC) is a contractual agreement between two parties that eliminates the need for trust by providing specific features to mitigate risks.

  • Hashgraph Consensus: Understanding Its Definition and Mechanism

    The hashgraph consensus mechanism represents an advanced and updated version of technology that facilitates consensus among participants.

  • Hedge Contract

    A hedge contract serves as a form of insurance utilized by investors to mitigate the risk of financial losses. Typically, it is designed to safeguard against market price fluctuations.

  • Hedge Fund

    A hedge fund is an investment vehicle that pools funds from multiple investors and employs various investment strategies across different liquid asset classes.

  • Hierarchical Deterministic Wallet (HD Wallet)

    A deterministic wallet is a type of wallet that utilizes the Hierarchical Deterministic (HD) protocol to generate multiple crypto-wallets from a single master seed, typically using 12 mnemonic phrases. *See Deterministic Wallet.

  • Higher High

    A higher high occurs when the closing price of a cryptocurrency surpasses the previous day's high, which itself closed at a high.

  • Higher Low

    A higher low is observed when the closing price of a cryptocurrency settles at a level higher than the previous day's closing price.

  • HODL

    A buy-and-hold investment strategy is a passive approach where an investor holds an investment for an extended period, regardless of price or market fluctuations.

  • Honeyminer

    Honeyminer is a cryptocurrency mining application that can be downloaded and used on various devices.

  • Hosted Wallet

    A custodial wallet is a wallet that is managed by a third-party service.

  • Hot Storage

    Online storage of private keys enables faster access to cryptocurrencies, but it is important to note that this is in contrast to cold storage. *See Cold Storage.

  • Hot Wallet: Definition, Benefits, and Safety Tips

    A short intro to hot wallet - a cryptocurrency wallet that is connected to the internet, allowing for immediate access to cryptoassets.

  • Howey Test

    A Howey Test is a commonly used assessment to determine whether an asset qualifies as a security.

  • Hybrid PoW/PoS

    A hybrid PoW/PoS (Proof-of-Work/Proof-of-Stake) consensus mechanism combines both proof-of-work and proof-of-stake algorithms in a network. This approach aims to combine the security benefits of PoW with the energy efficiency and scalability advantages of PoS.

  • Hyperledger (Hyperledger Foundation)

    Hyperledger is an initiative initiated by the Linux Foundation in 2015 that encompasses various open-source blockchains and related tools. It aims to foster collaborative development in the field of blockchain technology.

  • Immutable

    Immutability refers to the characteristic of being unchangeable, particularly over time.

  • Impermanent Loss

    Impermanent loss occurs when a liquidity provider experiences a temporary loss of funds due to volatility in a specific trading pair.

  • Infinite Approval

    Pre-approving smart contracts allows the platform to spend your coins without any limitations on the amount.

  • Infinite Mint Attack

    An infinite mint attack takes place when an unauthorized entity or hacker creates an excessive ("infinite") quantity of tokens within a protocol.

  • Initial Bounty Offering (IBO)

    A groundbreaking approach to project launch that emphasizes people contributing their skills to a platform rather than monetary contributions.

  • Initial Coin Offering (ICO)

    An ICO, which stands for Initial Coin Offering, is a form of crowdfunding or crowdsale that utilizes cryptocurrencies as a means of raising capital for early-stage companies.

  • Initial Dex Offering (IDO)

    An initial dex offering (IDX) serves as an alternative to an initial coin offering (ICO).

  • Initial Exchange Offering

    Crypto crowdfunding is a fundraising method in which crypto start-ups generate capital by listing their projects through an exchange.

  • Initial Farm Offering (IFO)

    Initial Farm Offering (IFO) assists DeFi projects in raising capital by leveraging the farming feature offered by decentralized exchanges.

  • Initial Game Offering (IGO)

    Initial game offerings (IGOs) present individuals with an opportunity to invest in gaming projects at an early stage, which have the potential to yield significant returns upon their launch.

  • Initial NFT Offering (INO)

    A crypto crowdfunding solution allows projects to raise funds by listing a set of NFTs via a launchpad.

  • Initial Stake Pool Offering (ISPO)

    The Initial Stake Pool Offering (ISPO) is a relatively new method of crypto fundraising specific to the Cardano ecosystem.

  • Initial Token Offering (ITO)

    ITOs (Initial Token Offerings) are similar to initial coin offerings (ICOs) but focus more on offering tokens that have intrinsic utility, such as software usage or ecosystem participation.

  • Input-Output Hong Kong (IOHK)

    Input-Output Global (IOG), previously known as Input-Output Hong Kong (IOHK), was established in 2015 by Charles Hoskinson to provide blockchain infrastructure for research and engineering companies.

  • Instant Settlement Network Layer

    An instant settlement network enables participants to exchange digital assets in real-time, regardless of their location in the world.

  • Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC)

    Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) is a communication protocol that enables different blockchains to exchange messages and interact with one another.

  • Intermediary/Middleman

    An intermediary is a person or entity that facilitates agreements or carries out directives between different parties.

  • Internal Transaction

    An internal transaction, also referred to as a "message," occurs when an externally owned account (EOA) interacts with a contract address, resulting in the transfer of Ether.

  • InterPlanetary File System (IPFS)

    The InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is a decentralized, peer-to-peer system for storing and retrieving files, websites, and applications. It relies on content addressing instead of traditional location-based addressing.

  • Intrinsic Value

    The intrinsic value of an asset represents its actual worth, which is determined through a complex financial calculation, rather than relying solely on its current market price.

  • Investment Vehicles (Crypto-tied)

    Investment vehicles refer to the different asset classes in which investors allocate their money, aiming to increase the value of their investment portfolio over time.

  • IOU Definition and Purpose

    Gain insight into the meaning and functionality of IOUs as tokens, aligned with our specific guidelines and principles.

  • Isolated Margin

    Isolated margin mode enables users to segregate the margin allocated to their positions, limiting their potential liability to the initial margin set.

  • Jager

    The smallest unit of Binance Coin (BNB) is referred to as Jager.

  • Kimchi Premium

    Kimchi premium is a term used to describe a phenomenon observed in South Korean crypto exchanges, where cryptocurrency valuations appear higher compared to international exchanges.

  • Klinger Oscillator

    The Klinger volume oscillator is a technical indicator that analyzes the relationship between volume and price to predict potential price reversals in financial markets.

  • Know Your Customer (KYC)

    KYC, short for Know Your Customer, refers to the verification process conducted by crypto exchanges and trading platforms to confirm the identity of their customers.

  • Lachesis

    The consensus mechanism employed by the Fantom blockchain.

  • Large Cap

    Large cap or big cap projects/organizations refer to well-established entities with a market capitalization of $10 billion or more.

  • Laser Eyes

    Laser eyes is a popular Twitter meme embraced by Bitcoin enthusiasts who aim to drive the price of BTC to new all-time highs.

  • Law of Accelerating Returns

    The Law of Accelerating Returns is a hypothesis formulated by Ray Kurzweil, suggesting that technologies and evolutionary systems tend to progress exponentially.

  • Layer 0

    Layer 0 represents the foundational network framework that operates beneath the blockchain, encompassing protocols, connections, hardware, miners, and other components crucial to the blockchain ecosystem.

  • Layer 2

    Layer 2 denotes a scaling solution that enables high transaction throughput while maintaining the security of the underlying blockchain on which it is built.

  • Layer-1 Blockchain

    A layer-1 blockchain encompasses solutions that enhance the underlying base protocol itself.

  • Ledger

    A blockchain is an immutable record of financial transactions, allowing for the appending of new transactions while preventing alterations to previous ones.

  • Leveraged Tokens

    In the realm of cryptocurrencies, leveraged tokens provide traders with the ability to take leveraged positions, resulting in multiplied gains or losses.

  • Light Node

    Light nodes, which are commonly downloaded wallets, connect to full nodes in order to verify and validate the information stored on the blockchain.

  • Lightning Network

    A scalability solution known as a second-layer protocol aims to address the scalability challenges of Bitcoin by facilitating faster transaction processing.

  • LINK (Chainlink)

    LINK is an Ethereum-based token utilized for compensating Chainlink node operators.

  • Liquid Market

    In a liquid market, there is a significant presence of both buyers and sellers, facilitating seamless and cost-effective execution of trades.

  • Liquid Staking

    Liquid staking enables users to both stake tokens and utilize them within the DeFi ecosystem simultaneously.

  • Liquid Staking (Fantom)

    Fantom blockchain utilizes a staking mechanism that allows users to earn yield by staking tokens for an extended period of time.

  • Liquidation

    Liquidation refers to the process of converting an asset or cryptocurrency into fiat currency or its equivalent.

  • Liquidity

    Liquidity refers to the ease and speed at which a cryptocurrency can be converted into cash, without causing a significant decrease in its value.

  • Liquidity Bootstrapping Pool (LBP)

    A liquidity bootstrapping pool is a contract designed to manage a primary pool of tokens used on an exchange.

  • Liquidity Mining

    Liquidity mining is a mechanism where participants contribute cryptocurrencies to liquidity pools and receive rewards in the form of fees and tokens based on their share.

  • Liquidity Pool

    Liquidity pools consist of crypto assets held to facilitate the trading of trading pairs on decentralized exchanges.

  • Liquidity Provider Tokens (LP Tokens)

    Liquidity provider tokens, also known as LP tokens, are tokens issued to liquidity providers on decentralized exchanges (DEXs) that operate on automated market maker (AMM) protocols.

  • Location Swap

    Location swap enables the transfer of ownership rights to assets represented by tokens without impacting other characteristics.

  • Long

    It refers to the act of purchasing a cryptocurrency with the expectation of selling it at a higher price in the future to generate a profit.

  • Lower Low

    A lower low happens when the price of a cryptocurrency closes below the previous day's low, which itself was already a low point.

  • Mainchain

    The mainchain refers to the foundational blockchain layer where all transactions are processed and finalized.

  • Mainnet Swap

    Mainnet swap involves transferring a cryptocurrency project from one blockchain network to another, typically transitioning to its own dedicated blockchain network.

  • Mainnet: The Fundamental Infrastructure of Blockchain

    Check out our wiki page to learn how Mainnet supports digital currencies and blockchain applications as the backbone of blockchain networks.

  • Maker Protocol (MakerDAO)

    The Maker Protocol enables users to utilize their approved assets as collateral to generate DAI and receive rewards through the governance system.

  • Margin Call

    A margin call occurs when the value of an investor's account falls below the minimum margin maintenance requirement.

  • Margin Trading

    Margin trading involves a trader utilizing borrowed funds from a broker to engage in cryptocurrency trading.

  • Market Maker, Market Taker

    In trading, the maker initiates an order (to buy or sell at a specified price), while the taker accepts the placed order (to execute the buy or sell at the quoted price).

  • Market Order/Market Buy/Market Sell

    A cryptocurrency trade executed on an exchange at the prevailing and most favorable price.

  • Masternodes

    Masternodes are servers maintained by their owners, similar to full nodes, but with additional functionalities such as transaction anonymization, transaction clearance, and participation in certain activities.

  • Max Supply

    Max supply represents the closest estimation of the maximum number of coins that will ever be in existence throughout the lifespan of a cryptocurrency. It can be further explored by considering circulating supply and total supply.

  • Maximal Extractable Value (MEV)

    Maximal extractable value (MEV) quantifies the potential profit a miner can obtain by strategically including, excluding, or reordering transactions within the blocks they generate.

  • Megahashes Per Second

    Megahashes per second (MH/s) is a unit of measurement equivalent to one million hashes per second.

  • Meme Economy

    The Meme Economy is an online subculture characterized by satire, where memes are discussed using financial terminology, treating them as commodities or capital assets with varying prices.

  • Memecoin

    Memecoins are cryptocurrency tokens created as a joke or based on memes, often making exaggerated claims about potential gains for holders.

  • Mempool

    A mempool refers to a collection of all the unconfirmed transactions that a node has encountered.

  • Merkle Tree

    A Merkle tree is a cryptographic and computer science data structure used to validate the integrity of stored or transmitted data.

  • MetaMask

    An online digital wallet serves as an extension to a regular browser, enabling users to manage, transfer, and receive Ethereum cryptocurrency.

  • Metatransaction

    A metatransaction involves the execution of a transaction on a public blockchain that is signed by a different party on behalf of the original signer, facilitating the inclusion of the original transaction on the blockchain.

  • Metaverse

    A metaverse is a digital realm encompassing real-world elements, including real-time interactions and economies, offering a distinctive experience to its users.

  • Micro Cap

    In the financial sector, a digital asset with a relatively low market capitalization is commonly referred to as a micro-cap stock/asset/cryptocurrency.

  • Micropayment

    A micropayment refers to a small online transaction, sometimes as tiny as a fraction of a cent.

  • Mid Cap

    Mid cap refers to a cryptocurrency's market value, calculated through mathematical computation, falling within the range of $1 billion to $10 billion in market capitalization.

  • MilliBitcoin

    MilliBitcoin (mBTC) is a sub-unit of Bitcoin, representing one-thousandth of a BTC, the renowned and valuable cryptocurrency worldwide.

  • Mineable

    Certain cryptocurrencies offer a system where miners can receive newly created tokens as rewards for contributing their hash power to create blocks.

  • Miners

    Participants in the mining process contribute to a blockchain's operations and maintenance.

  • Minimum Collateralization Ratio (MCR)

    The Minimum Collateralization Ratio (MCR) represents the minimum amount of collateral required to secure a specific loan.

  • Mining

    Cryptocurrency mining involves the addition of blocks to a blockchain to verify transactions. It is also the process by which new Bitcoin and certain altcoins are generated.

  • Mining Algorithm

    Within blockchain technology, a mining algorithm consists of a set of rules or instructions that a computer follows to generate a valid block.

  • Mining as a Service (MaaS)

    Cloud mining or mining-as-a-service enables users to lease the mining capacity of hardware from companies.

  • Mining Contract

    An alternative term for cloud mining, where users have the option to rent or invest in mining capacity online.

  • Mining Difficulty

    The mining difficulty of a cryptocurrency refers to the level of complexity involved in finding the correct hash for the subsequent block.

  • Mining Farm

    A mining farm refers to the collective effort of a group of miners who work together for various benefits, such as optimizing energy consumption.

  • Mining Pool

    It is an arrangement where multiple miners combine their resources to enhance the probability of discovering the next block.

  • Mining Reward

    The earnings that miners receive upon successfully discovering and validating a block.

  • Mining Rig

    Mining equipment refers to the specialized hardware utilized for cryptocurrency mining.

  • Minting

    Minting refers to the process of generating new coins using the proof-of-stake mechanism and introducing them into circulation for trading.

  • Mnemonic Phrase

    A recovery phrase or seed phrase is a list of words used in a specific sequence to access or restore your crypto assets.

  • Moloch DAO

    Moloch DAO can refer to the DAO framework itself, a description of a DAO utilizing the framework, or the name of the Ethereum grant-giving DAO that initially developed the framework.

  • Money Flow Index (MFI)

    The Money Flow Index (MFI) is a technical indicator that gauges the buying or selling pressure of an asset by analyzing its price and volume.

  • Money Transfer License

    Money transmitter businesses must obtain an MTL (Money Transmitter License) to operate legally.

  • Motoko Programming Language (DFINITY)

    The programming language used for developing projects that run on the Internet Computer blockchain.

  • Move (Programming Language)

    Move is a programming language initially developed by the Diem Association, a tech consortium supported by Meta, for building the Diem blockchain.

  • Move-to-Earn

    Move-to-earn is a concept that incentivizes users to engage in physical activity by rewarding them with cryptocurrencies.

  • Moving Average (MA)

    A Moving Average (MA) is an indicator used in technical analysis to smooth out price fluctuations and identify trends in the market.

  • Mt. Gox

    Multi-chain is a term that promotes blockchain interoperability and decentralization, allowing different blockchain networks to communicate and interact with each other.

  • Multi-Chain

    A multi-coin wallet, also known as a multi-chain wallet, enables users to store multiple cryptocurrencies from various blockchain networks.

  • Multi-Coin Wallet

    Multi-level marketing (MLM) is a business model where sales teams, organized in a hierarchical structure, sell products on behalf of a company and earn commissions based on their sales performance.

  • Multi-Party Computation

    Multisignature crypto wallets provide an added layer of security by requiring multiple signatures to authorize a transaction, enhancing security and preventing unauthorized access.

  • Multi-Party Computation as-a-Service

    Multi-party computation (MPC) is a cryptographic technique that involves distributing computation operations among multiple parties, ensuring that no single entity can access the data of other parties.

  • Multi-Signature (Multi-Sig)

    Multisignature crypto wallets provide an extra layer of security by requiring multiple keys to authorize a transaction.

  • Negative Volume Index (NVI)

    A Network-Enhanced Virtual Machine (NEVM) combines the strengths of both the Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH) networks.

  • Network

    A newb is a term used to describe someone who is new to a particular industry.

  • Network-Enhanced Virtual Machine (NEVM)

    Network latency measures the time it takes for communication between computers on different networks.

  • Newb

    NFT royalties allow creators to earn a percentage of the sale value each time their NFT is sold on the secondary market.

  • NFT Royalties

    Nick Szabo is credited as the inventor of Bit Gold and the concept of smart contracts.

  • NGMI

    Discover the meaning of NGMI in the dynamic world of Web3. Learn how this acronym reflects attitudes of skepticism and humor.

  • Nick Szabo

    Nick Szabo is a renowned computer scientist and cryptographer credited with inventing Bit Gold, a precursor to Bitcoin.

  • Node

    Nominators are one of the two main participants in a blockchain network that uses the nominated proof-of-stake (NPoS) consensus algorithm.

  • Non-Custodial

    In the context of wallets or exchanges, a non-custodial setup refers to a configuration where users hold their private keys directly, ensuring greater control and security.

  • Non-Fungible Token (NFT)

    Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are cryptocurrencies that possess the characteristic of non-fungibility, distinguishing them from other cryptocurrencies that are interchangeable.

  • Nonce

    In the process of hashing a transaction, miners generate a unique and one-time-use arbitrary number known as a nonce.

  • Notarization on Blockchain

    Notarization on the blockchain takes advantage of the inherent nature and benefits of blockchain technology to enable anyone to create timestamped artifacts.

  • Off-Chain

    A transaction conducted outside the blockchain network, offering faster processing and lower fees.

  • Off-Chain Governance

    Off-chain governance refers to a form of blockchain governance where decisions are made outside the primary code base of the blockchain, often through informal processes.

  • Off-Chain Transaction

    An off-chain transaction refers to a transaction that occurs on a second-layer protocol, allowing value to be transferred outside of the main blockchain network.

  • Off-Ledger Currency

    An off-chain currency is created outside the specified blockchain ledger but is still accepted and used.

  • Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)

    The Office of the Comptroller (OCC) is a branch of the U.S. Treasury responsible for regulating national banks, federal savings associations, and foreign bank agencies.

  • On-Balance Volume (OBV)

    On-balance volume (OBV) is a technical indicator used in trading to predict price movements based on the volume of assets traded.

  • On-Chain

    Transactions that are directly recorded on the blockchain itself and shared with all participants are referred to as on-chain transactions.

  • On-Chain Governance

    On-chain governance is a decentralized framework for organizing and implementing updates and improvements to blockchain networks.

  • On-Ledger Currency

    A native currency minted and used exclusively on a blockchain ledger, such as Bitcoin.

  • Ontorand Consensus Engine (Ontology)

    The Ontorand Consensus Engine is the VBFT consensus mechanism utilized by the Ontology blockchain.

  • OpenSea

    OpenSea is a decentralized peer-to-peer platform dedicated to trading non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

  • Opera Mainnet (Fantom)

    Opera (Fantom) is a permissionless and open-source framework that enables participation in the network through staking and governance.

  • Operating System (OS)

    An operating system (OS) serves as an intermediary between hardware and users, managing software and resources.

  • Optimistic Rollup

    An optimistic rollup is a layer-2 scaling solution that utilizes off-chain computation to securely record transactions in layer 2.

  • Oracles

    An oracle acts as an agent that discovers and verifies information, bridging the gap between the blockchain and the real world by providing data to smart contracts for execution under predefined conditions.

  • Order Book

    An order book contains vital information about an asset, including buy and sell orders.

  • Orphan

    A valid block on the blockchain that is not part of the main chain is known as an orphaned block.

  • Orphaned Block: Definition, How it Works and Differences

    Learn about orphaned blocks in blockchain technology, including their definition, how they occur, and their implications on the network.

  • Ouroboros Praos

    Ouroboros Praos, developed by IOHK, is an updated version of the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism known as Ouroboros Classic.

  • Over-Collateralization

    Over-collateralization (OC) is the practice of providing collateral that exceeds the value needed to cover potential losses in the event of default.

  • Overbought

    A cryptocurrency that experiences a continuous increase in price over an extended period of time, attracting more investors.

  • Oversold

    A cryptocurrency that experiences a continuous decrease in price over an extended period of time, leading to more investors selling.

  • P2P Bridge

    A P2P bridge is a feature on decentralized exchanges (DEX) that allows users to directly swap the same cryptocurrency across two different blockchain protocols without involving a third party.

  • P2P DEX

    A peer-to-peer decentralized exchange (P2P DEX) is a blockchain-based application that facilitates direct trading between users.

  • P2P Trading

    Peer-to-peer (P2P) trading involves decentralized transactions where users directly exchange cryptocurrencies with each other.

  • Pair

    Trading between two different cryptocurrencies, such as the BTC/ETH trading pair.

  • Paper Trading

    Paper trading, also known as simulated trading, involves practicing trading strategies in a virtual environment without using real capital.

  • Paper Wallet

    A physical document that contains a private key or seed phrase used for accessing cryptocurrency wallets.

  • Parachain

    Parachains are application-specific data structures that run parallel to each other within the Polkadot network.

  • Paul Le Roux

    Paul Le Roux is a criminal figure believed by some to be the mysterious founder of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto.

  • Peer-to-Peer (P2P)

    The decentralized allocation of tasks or workloads among peers within a distributed network.

  • Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Lending

    Crypto P2P lending is the practice of lending assets directly between individuals without the need for intermediaries. These loans are typically collateralized using assets owned by the borrowers.

  • Pegged Currency

    A stablecoin is a type of currency that maintains a fixed value relative to a real-world asset, such as a fiat currency.

  • Permissioned Ledger

    A permissioned ledger is a ledger designed with restrictions, allowing only authorized individuals or organizations to access it.

  • Permissionless

    In the context of blockchains, a system is considered permissionless when there is no central authority regulating who can use it or how it can be used.

  • Perpetual Contracts

    A perpetual contract is a derivative contract similar to a futures contract but without an expiration date.

  • Physical Bitcoins

    A physical Bitcoin refers to a tangible token that typically features an intricate design and includes a public key and private key.

  • Play-to-Earn (Play2Earn)

    Play-to-earn blockchain games offer an innovative way for individuals to earn money by actively participating in gaming experiences.

  • Plutus (Cardano)

    Cardano utilizes a scripting language for the development of smart contracts on its blockchain network.

  • Politeia (Decred)

    Decred's decentralized governance platform facilitates the submission, tracking, and discussion of proposals for new ideas by stakeholders.

  • Post-Mine

    Post-mining involves the retrospective creation of new coins after the launch of a cryptocurrency but before public mining is enabled.

  • Pre-Mine

    Pre-mining is the generation of some or all of a coin's initial supply before or during the public launch.

  • Price Impact

    Slippage refers to the discrepancy between the market price and the estimated price resulting from the size of the trade.

  • Private Blockchain

    A private blockchain is a specific type of blockchain where authority over the network is held by a single organization exclusively.

  • Private Key/Secret Key

    In asymmetric-key encryption, a code is generated and paired with a public key to decrypt information that has been hashed using the corresponding public key.

  • Profit and Loss (P&L) Statement

    A profit and loss (P&L) statement is a financial document that summarizes the earnings, costs, and expenses incurred during a designated period.

  • Proof of Attendance Protocol

    The Proof of Attendance Protocol (POAP) utilizes the ERC-721 NFT protocol on Ethereum to offer businesses the ability to prove attendance.

  • Proof of Reserves (PoR)

    Proof of Reserves (PoR) employs cryptographic verification to demonstrate the possession of digital assets.

  • Proof-of-Authority (PoA)

    A blockchain consensus mechanism that enables fast transactions by utilizing identity as a stake.

  • Proof-of-Burn

    Proof-of-burn is a mechanism designed to enhance the efficiency and security of a blockchain by preventing fraudulent transactions and "burning" coins as a cost.

  • Proof-of-Burn (PoB)

    A blockchain consensus mechanism that aims to increase energy efficiency by verifying the cost incurred in "burning" a coin and using it to bootstrap one blockchain to another.

  • Proof-of-Developer (PoD)

    Verification that provides evidence of a real software developer's identity who created a cryptocurrency, aiming to prevent anonymous developers from absconding with raised funds.

  • Proof-of-Donation

    Proof-of-donation involves integrating charitable donations into the functionality of a blockchain.

  • Proof-of-History (PoH)

    Proof of History (PoH) utilizes internal clocks in nodes to validate events and time, with incoming events being hashed using a verifiable delay function (VDF).

  • Proof-of-Immutability (PoIM)

    Proof-of-Immutability (PoIM) allows the blockchain to maintain decentralized and provably immutable data without the need to distribute the data among nodes.

  • Proof-of-Replication

    Proof-of-replication (PoRep) is the method by which a storage miner proves to the network that they are storing a completely unique copy of a specific piece of data.

  • Proof-of-Spacetime

    In simple terms, PoSt ensures that an individual can guarantee they are utilizing a specific amount of storage space.

  • Proof-of-Stake (PoS)

    A blockchain consensus mechanism that combines Proof-of-Work (PoW) to maintain the integrity of the blockchain.

  • Proof-of-Time (PoT)

    Proof-of-Time (PoT) is a decentralized, scalable, verifiably secure, and environmentally-friendly consensus algorithm.

  • Proof-of-Validation

    Proof-of-validation (PoV) is a unique Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism that achieves consensus through staked validator nodes.

  • Proof-of-Work (PoW)

    A blockchain consensus mechanism that involves solving computationally intensive puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks, similar to Proof-of-Stake (PoS).

  • Protocol Layer

    The protocol layer of a blockchain refers to the set of rules and processes that govern the operation of the network.

  • Pseudonymous

    Writing under a pseudonym or false identity, such as using the name "Satoshi Nakamoto."

  • Public Blockchain

    A blockchain that is accessible to anyone and can be viewed and utilized by the public.

  • Pump and Dump (P&D) Scheme

    Crypto pumping involves fraudulent practices aimed at artificially inflating the price of a cryptocurrency through misleading and false positive statements.

  • Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS)

    Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS) serves as Algorand's consensus mechanism, enabling the random selection of validators based on the consistency of their stakes.

  • Put Option

    A put option contract grants the owner the opportunity, but not the obligation, to purchase an underlying security at a specified price within a designated time frame.

  • Quasar Smart Contract (OMG Foundation)

    The OMG Network's smart contract addresses layer-2 blockchain challenges and offers solutions.

  • Rage-quit

    Rage-quit refers to the process in which a member of a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) withdraws part or all of their stake, receives a proportionate share of the assets in the DAO's treasury, and ceases their participation.

  • Rebase

    An elastic token is designed to automatically adjust its circulating supply according to price fluctuations.

  • Recovery Seed

    A recovery seed is a security code generated cryptographically and composed of a list of random words, typically ranging from 12 to 14, used for wallet or account recovery.

  • Redundancy

    Redundancy refers to something that exceeds the necessary requirements for normal operation.

  • Regenerative Finance (ReFi)

    Regenerative Finance refers to a system that replenishes its resource capacity over time.

  • Regens

    Regen, similar to degen, is a term used to describe a crypto user who actively engages in ReFi communities or invests in tokens leveraging blockchain technology to promote positive environmental impact.

  • Regulatory Compliance

    Regulatory compliance comprises a set of mandates that companies and industries are obligated to adhere to in order to ensure accountability in their operations.

  • REKT

    Wrecked is a colloquial term used to describe a significant loss in a trade or investment.

  • Relative Strength Index (RSI): An All-around Overview

    Discover the Relative Strength Index indicator, learn its importance in technical analysis, and interpret its signals for smarter trades.

  • Relay Chain

    The Relay Chain serves as the central chain within the Polkadot network, facilitating its operation.

  • Repair Miners

    Repair miners are a proposed type of mining node in the Filecoin network designed to address network issues and maintain the system's integrity.

  • Replicated Ledger

    A distributed ledger copy is a replica of the ledger distributed to all participants in a cryptocurrency network.

  • Resistance (Line/Level)

    The highest price level reached by an asset during a specific period.

  • Revenue Participation Tokens

    Revenue participation tokens represent a two-token system consisting of a participation token and a payout token.

  • Reverse Indicator

    A person who serves as a negative indicator for placing buy or sell orders in cryptocurrencies due to their consistently inaccurate price movement predictions.

  • Ring Miners

    Ring miners are network participants in the Loopring protocol responsible for managing order rings and ensuring successful trades for all involved parties.

  • Ring Signature

    A cryptographic digital signature that masks the identities of two parties involved in a transaction.

  • Roger Ver

    Roger Ver, also known as Bitcoin Jesus, has long been an advocate for Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash.

  • Rug Pull

    A rug pull refers to a scam tactic in which developers abandon a project and abscond with the funds invested by others.

  • Satoshi Nakamoto

    The individuals or group responsible for creating Bitcoin are still unknown and operate under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

  • Scaling Problem

    The scaling problem refers to the limitations faced by a blockchain in terms of transaction throughput and the ability to facilitate fast and cost-effective transactions.

  • Scaling Solution

    A scaling solution is a method implemented to enable a system to expand and handle increased demand.

  • Scamcoin

    Scamcoins are coins that are created by developers as "get rich quick schemes" and are typically associated with fraudulent intentions.

  • Scrypt

    Scrypt is an alternative proof-of-work (PoW) algorithm to SHA-256, commonly used in Bitcoin mining. It relies more on memory than pure CPU power to reduce the advantage of ASICs.

  • Second-Layer Solutions

    Scalability and efficiency solutions built on public blockchains, such as Plasma, TrueBit, and Lightning Network, extend capabilities for micro-transactions and other actions.

  • Secure Asset Fund for Users (SAFU)

    SAFU stands for "Secure Asset Fund for Users," an insurance fund established by Binance to provide protection in emergency cases.

  • Secure Multi-Party Computation (sMPC)

    Secure Multiparty Computation (SMPC) is a cryptographic subfield that enables parties to compute a function while maintaining privacy over their inputs.

  • Security Token

    A security token represents a digital version of traditional securities.

  • Security Token Offering

    A security token offering (STO) refers to a public offering where digital securities in the form of tokens are sold.

  • Seed Phrase

    A seed phrase serves as the initial point for deriving keys in a deterministic wallet.

  • Segregated Witness (SegWit)

    Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP) is a proposal aimed at addressing transaction malleability on the Bitcoin network.

  • Selfish Mining

    A hidden block occurs when a miner successfully mines a new block but does not broadcast it to other miners.

  • Sell Wall

    A whale dump refers to a situation where a large sell order is placed to trigger when a cryptocurrency reaches a specific value.

  • Settlement Layer

    A settlement layer functions as a foundational layer that supports an entire ecosystem.

  • SHA-256

    The cryptographic hash function used in Bitcoin's proof-of-work (PoW) generates a 256-bit signature for a given text.

  • Shanghai Upgrade

    The Shanghai Upgrade will introduce the capability for users to unstake and withdraw their ETH from the network.

  • Shard

    A shard refers to a segment of a blockchain network that has been divided into multiple shards, each containing its own set of data.

  • Shard Chain

    Sharding, in the world of cryptocurrencies, aims to reduce network congestion and increase transactions per second by creating new chains.

  • Sharding

    Sharding is an approach to scaling that involves partitioning blockchain states into separate segments, allowing parallel processing of each shard.

  • Shelley Phase

    The Shelley Phase, the second era of Cardano, is named after Percy Shelley, an influential English poet.

  • Shielded Transaction: Enhanced Blockchain Privacy

    All you need to know about a shielded transaction - transaction that occurs between two shielded addresses, emphasizing privacy and anonymity.

  • Shilling

    Shilling refers to the enthusiastic promotion of a cryptocurrency or ICO project.

  • Shitcoin

    A shitcoin refers to a cryptocurrency that lacks clear potential value or utility.

  • SHO (Strong Holder Offering)

    A strong holder offering (SHO) is a fundraising mechanism where eligible investors are selected based on their on-chain activities and other proprietary data sets.

  • Short

    Short selling is a trading technique in which a trader borrows an asset to sell it, expecting its price to decline further.

  • Short Squeeze

    A short squeeze is an uncommon market condition where a coin's price rapidly increases, prompting traders who bet against the token's price to buy it quickly to avoid losses.

  • Sidechain

    A sidechain is an independent blockchain that is connected to its parent blockchain through a two-way peg.

  • Simple Agreement for Future Token (SAFT)

    A Simple Agreement for Future Token (SAFT) is a contractual agreement established during the token launch phase, granting ownership rights to token investors at a future date.

  • Simplified Payment Verification (SPV)

    A lightweight client designed to verify transactions on a blockchain.

  • Skynet

    A decentralized content storage platform built on the Sia blockchain.

  • Slashing

    Slashing serves as a penalty mechanism implemented in Proof of Stake (PoS) networks to ensure accountability.

  • Slippage

    Slippage occurs when traders are forced to accept a different price than their initial request due to price fluctuations.

  • Slot (Cardano)

    The shortest time interval within the Cardano blockchain.

  • Smart Contract

    A smart contract is a computer protocol that facilitates, verifies, or enforces a contract on the blockchain without the need for intermediaries.

  • Smart Token

    Smart tokens are tokens that not only carry value but also include all the necessary information to execute transactions simultaneously.

  • Snapshot

    A snapshot in the blockchain context refers to capturing and documenting the state of a blockchain at a specific block height.

  • Soft Cap

    The minimum fundraising target set by an initial coin offering (ICO).

  • Soft Fork (Blockchain)

    A soft fork is a protocol upgrade that invalidates previously valid transactions, often requiring miners to update their mining software.

  • Soft Peg

    In finance, a soft peg is a method of maintaining a currency's value within a specific range against a reserve currency using an exchange rate regime.

  • Software Wallet

    A software wallet, also known as a wallet app, is an application that enables users to hold, send, and receive cryptocurrencies.

  • Solidity

    The programming language utilized by Ethereum for the development of smart contracts is known as Solidity.

  • Spoon (Blockchain)

    A hard spoon is a meta-protocol that operates on top of a blockchain, introducing new features and functionalities.

  • Spot Market

    In a spot market, cryptocurrencies are traded for immediate settlement, contrasting with futures markets where settlement occurs at a later date.

  • Spot Trading

    Spot trading involves the immediate exchange of a financial instrument at its current market price.

  • Stablecoin

    Stablecoin refers to a cryptocurrency with minimal volatility, often used as a means of diversifying investment portfolios. Examples include gold-backed cryptocurrencies or fiat-pegged cryptocurrencies.

  • Stablecoin Maximalist

    Stablecoin maximalism predicts that stablecoins will dominate DeFi. Advocating this, Frax Finance plans to unlock trillions in its stablecoin ecosystem.

  • Staking

    Staking involves participating in a proof-of-stake (PoS) system by depositing tokens to serve as a validator for the blockchain. In return, participants receive rewards for their contribution.

  • Staking Pool

    Staking pools enable users to combine their resources, increasing their chances of earning rewards in a more collaborative manner. This mechanism boosts the staking power of the network, facilitating the verification and validation of new transactions.

  • Stale Block

    An orphan block is a successfully mined block that is not included in the current longest blockchain. This usually occurs when another block at the same height is added to the chain first.

  • State Channel

    A second-layer scaling solution aims to reduce the number of on-chain transactions required by moving some transactions off-chain. Participants can then sign and submit these transactions to the main chain after multiple off-chain interactions.

  • Stochastic Oscillator

    A stochastic oscillator is a widely used technical indicator for identifying levels of overbought and oversold conditions in stocks, assets, or cryptocurrencies. It relies on analyzing an asset's price history as it tends to fluctuate within certain thresholds.

  • Stop-Loss Order

    A stop-loss order in trading allows investors to set a predefined lowest price at which they are willing to sell an asset. If the asset's price reaches or falls below this threshold, an automatic sell order is triggered to limit potential losses.

  • Storage (Decentralized)

    Decentralized storage involves storing files online by breaking them into encrypted fragments and distributing these fragments across multiple nodes on a distributed network.

  • Storage Miners

    Storage miners are individuals or entities in the cryptocurrency ecosystem who contribute storage space to the network, enabling nodes to achieve consensus and validate transactions.

  • Store of Value

    A store of value refers to an asset, commodity, or currency that can be held and exchanged in the future without losing its inherent value. It serves as a reliable means of preserving wealth over time.

  • Substrate

    Substrate is a web application development framework created by Parity Technologies. It provides developers with a flexible and modular foundation for building blockchain-based applications.

  • Supercomputer

    A supercomputer is an advanced computing system that surpasses the capabilities of a standard general-purpose computer. It possesses significantly higher processing power and can tackle complex computations and data-intensive tasks.

  • Support Level

    A support level in the context of cryptocurrencies occurs when the price of a digital asset stops declining due to increased buying activity from traders who wish to purchase at a specific price point. It indicates a level of demand that provides a floor for the asset's price.

  • Swing Failure Pattern (SFP)

    A swing failure pattern, also known as SFP, is an indicator used to identify potential trend reversals by detecting weaknesses in the current trend and early signs of reversal.

  • Swing Trading

    Swing trading is a trading strategy focused on profiting from short to medium-term price fluctuations in stocks, commodities, or currencies over a span of days or weeks.

  • Sybil Attack

    Sybil attacks disrupt online networks by creating numerous fake identities, accounts, or nodes to disrupt the balance of power and manipulate the network.

  • Synthetic Asset

    Synthetic assets, also called synths, are hybrid financial instruments that combine elements of cryptocurrencies with traditional derivative assets, allowing for tokenized representation and trading of derivatives.

  • Take Profit

    A take-profit order involves selling cryptocurrency at a predetermined price to lock in profits. It is typically executed when a trade is in a profitable position.

  • Tamper-Proof Ledger

    A tamper-proof ledger refers to a system of records, such as a blockchain, that possesses inherent properties that make it resistant to modification or tampering.

  • Tangle

    The Tangle is an alternative blockchain developed by IOTA, utilizing a directed acyclic graph (DAG) structure. Unlike traditional blockchains, it builds in a single direction without repeating and is resistant to quantum computing.

  • Taproot

    Taproot is a proposed soft fork implementation for Bitcoin aimed at enhancing privacy and improving various aspects related to more complex transactions.

  • Technical Analysis/Trend Analysis (TA)

    Technical analysis is an evaluation method that involves statistical analysis of market data, such as price and volume, using charts and tools to identify patterns and inform investment decisions.

  • Tendermint

    Tendermint is a consensus mechanism that enables secure and consistent launching of applications across different machines.

  • Terahashes Per Second

    Terahashes per second (Th/s) is a unit that measures the computational power of a computer or mining machine, equivalent to one trillion (1,000,000,000,000) hashes per second.

  • Testnet

    A testnet refers to an alternative blockchain used by developers for testing and experimentation purposes.

  • The Cantillon Effect

    The Cantillon Effect, conceptualized by Richard Cantillon, refers to the changes in relative prices resulting from alterations in the money supply.

  • The DAO

    The DAO, created in April 2016, stands for the Decentralized Autonomous Organization and is considered the first of its kind, operating on the Ethereum blockchain.

  • The Merge (Ethereum 2.0)

    The merge is a planned network upgrade that aims to combine the Ethereum mainnet with the Beacon Chain, facilitating the transition from the proof-of-work to the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism.

  • Throughput

    Throughput represents the number of actions or tasks that can be completed within a specific timeframe.

  • Ticker

    Symbol is an abbreviation used to uniquely identify cryptocurrencies. (See Ticker Symbol.)

  • Ticker Symbol

    The ticker symbol is a unique combination of letters assigned to stocks or cryptocurrencies, distinguishing them on exchanges and trading platforms.

  • Time-weighted Average Price (TWAP)

    The time-weighted average price (TWAP) is a trading indicator that calculates the average price of an asset over a specific time period, considering its fluctuations.

  • Timelock/Locktime

    Time-locked transaction is a condition that restricts the processing of a transaction to a specific time or block on the blockchain.

  • Tipset

    A tipset is a collection of blocks, forming a set rather than a linear chain, that make up a blockchain.

  • Token

    In the context of cryptocurrencies, a token is a digital unit designed with a specific utility in mind. It grants access and enables the utilization of various services or functionalities within a larger crypto economic system.

  • Token Economy

    A decentralized economy is an economic system that operates without the need for intermediaries or third parties, leveraging blockchain technology.

  • Token Generation Event (TGE)

    The token issuance refers to the specific moment when a token is created and made available for use or distribution.

  • Token Issuance

    Token issuance is the process of creating and introducing new tokens into the total supply of a cryptocurrency. It involves generating and distributing tokens to be used within the designated blockchain network.

  • Token Lockup

    Token lockup refers to a specific period during which cryptocurrency tokens are restricted from being traded or exchanged. This restriction is often implemented to control liquidity or to incentivize long-term holding of the tokens.

  • Token Migration

    Token migration refers to the process of transferring tokens from one blockchain to another. This usually occurs when there is a change in the underlying blockchain technology or when a project decides to move its tokens to a different network for various reasons, such as scalability or improved functionality.

  • Token Sale

    A token sale, also known as an initial coin offering (ICO) or token offering, refers to the initial distribution of cryptocurrency tokens to a private pool of investors before they are made available to the general public. This fundraising method allows projects to secure funding and generate interest in their tokens.

  • Token Standard

    The Ethereum Request for Comment (ERC) is the most common token standard used on the Ethereum blockchain. It provides a set of rules and guidelines for the creation and implementation of tokens, ensuring compatibility and interoperability within the Ethereum ecosystem.

  • Token Swap

    Token swap involves the direct exchange of one cryptocurrency token for another between users. This exchange is facilitated by a specialized exchange service or platform, allowing users to convert their tokens seamlessly and efficiently.

  • Tokenize

    Tokenization is the process of converting real-world assets into digital tokens. This process enables the representation and fractional ownership of physical assets, such as real estate or artwork, on a blockchain. Tokenization provides increased liquidity, transparency, and accessibility to traditionally illiquid assets.

  • Tokenized Carbon Credits

    Tokenized carbon credits represent carbon emissions that have been avoided or removed from the environment. Each tokenized carbon credit typically corresponds to the avoidance or removal of one metric tonne of carbon dioxide or its equivalent.

  • Tokenized Securities

    Tokenized securities are digital representations of traditional financial securities, such as stocks or bonds. The ownership of these securities is materialized through the issuance of tokens on a blockchain, enabling easier transferability, fractional ownership, and potentially enhanced liquidity.

  • Tokenized Stocks

    Tokenized stocks are digital assets that represent ownership of traditional stocks. These tokenized stocks can be traded on blockchain-based exchanges, providing investors with the benefits of increased accessibility, fractional ownership, and potentially faster settlement times.

  • Tokenomics

    Tokenomics refers to the study and design of the economic principles and rules that govern a cryptocurrency or token system. It encompasses factors such as token distribution, supply dynamics, incentives, and governance mechanisms.

  • TokenSets (Set Protocol)

    TokenSets is a decentralized platform based on the Set Protocol that enables users to create and manage crypto portfolios. It offers various strategies and investment options to optimize portfolio performance and automate trading strategies.

  • Toll Bridge

    A toll bridge, in the context of blockchain, refers to a smart contract-powered mechanism where users are required to pay a toll fee in the form of cryptocurrency tokens to access additional functionalities or services provided by a decentralized application or platform. The toll fee acts as a gateway or access control mechanism.

  • Total Exchange Volume

    Total exchange volume is a metric that quantifies the overall value of trades conducted on one or multiple cryptocurrency exchanges.

  • Total Supply

    The circulating supply refers to the total number of coins currently in circulation, excluding any coins that have been permanently removed from the system.

  • Total Value Locked (TVL)

    Total value locked represents the quantity of assets currently staked or locked within a specific protocol or platform.

  • Trade Volume

    24-hour trading volume represents the total amount of a cryptocurrency that has been traded within the last 24 hours.

  • Trading Bot

    A crypto trading bot is a software program designed to automate cryptocurrency trading activities on behalf of traders.

  • Trading Volume

    Trading volume refers to the total number of shares, tokens, or coins exchanged between buyers and sellers during a specific trading day.

  • Transaction (TX)

    Cryptocurrency exchange refers to the process of exchanging one cryptocurrency for another on a blockchain network.

  • Transaction Fee

    Transaction fees are payments made for utilizing the blockchain network to perform transactions.

  • Transaction ID (TXID)

    A transaction ID (TXID) is a unique identifier assigned to each individual blockchain transaction.

  • Transactions Per Second (TPS)

    Transactions per second (TPS) measures the capacity of a computer system or network to perform transactions or calculations within one second.

  • TRC-10 (TRON)

    TRC10 is a token standard that operates on the TRON blockchain network and does not require the TRON Virtual Machine (TVM).

  • TRC-20 Token

    The TRC-20 token standard enables the creation of tokens on the TRON network.

  • Trustless

    A trustless environment refers to a system or network where participants do not need to trust each other, and transactions are verified through a decentralized consensus mechanism.

  • Tumbler

    A mixing service is a tool or platform that enhances the anonymity of cryptocurrency funds and transactions.

  • Turing-Complete

    A Turing-complete system is capable of solving any computational problem in principle.

  • Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

    Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a security method that requires two different forms of authentication to gain access to a system or account.

  • Unbanked

    Unbanked refers to individuals who lack access to traditional banking services or choose not to utilize them.

  • Uncle Block (Ommer Block)

    An Uncle Block (Ommer Block) is a block that is discarded in a situation where two blocks are created simultaneously, resulting in one of the blocks being excluded from the blockchain.

  • Unconfirmed

    Pending refers to the state of a transaction that has not yet been added to the blockchain.

  • Understanding Cross Margin in Trading and Cryptocurrency

    Understand Cross Margin and isolated Margin in crypto trading, their pros and cons, and the impact on your trading approach and risk control.

  • Understanding Decryption: Its Purpose and Applications Explained

    Your short guide to decryption: the process of converting encrypted data into a readable format that can be understood by a user or machine.

  • Understanding Ethereum Surge: A Comprehensive Overview

    Your short guide to Ethereum surge - a stage of development in the Ethereum network that involves significant upgrades.

  • Understanding Market Capitalization: A Handbook for Investors

    Market cap is a measure of a company's total stock value used by investors to assess its size and is crucial in acquisition evaluations.

  • Understanding Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

    MACD is a technical analysis tool that measures the difference between two moving averages to spot market momentum and trend changes.

  • Understanding PEG Ratio in Cryptocurrency: Definition and Guide

    Here's what you need to know about PEG ratio in cryptocurrency - a predetermined price for exchanging one asset for another.

  • Understanding PRE-IDO in Crypto Projects

    Discover the significance of Pre-IDO in crypto projects (and how it impacts early investment opportunities).

  • Understanding Reverse ICOs: A Comprehensive Overview

    Learn all you need to know about ICO, the process when an established company creates a cryptocurrency to raise more capital.

  • Understanding TWAMM (Time-Weighted AMM) in DeFi

    TWAMM is a DeFi protocol that offers continuous liquidity on decentralized exchanges through a time-weighted mechanism, with benefits and risks for liquidity providers and traders.

  • Understanding Zero Knowledge Rollups: Definition and Principles

    Here's what you need to know about zero-knowledge rollup, a Layer 2 blockchain solution that performs computations and stores data off-chain.

  • UNI Token

    The native governance token of Uniswap, the largest decentralized exchange at the time of writing.

  • Unpermissioned Ledger

    A public ledger that is openly accessible to anyone and is not controlled by a single entity.

  • Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO)

    Unspent transaction refers to a transaction that has been completed but still has funds that have not been utilized, similar to having leftover change after making a purchase.

  • Unstoppable Domains

    Unstoppable Domains is a San Francisco-based company that offers blockchain-based domain names to users.

  • Utility Mining

    Utility mining is a mechanism that distributes tokens based on user activity and active participation within a blockchain network.

  • Utility Token

    Utility tokens are specifically designed to facilitate usage and provide value within a particular system or platform.

  • Vanity Address

    A custom public address in cryptocurrency, typically chosen by the owner and consisting of personalized letters and numbers.

  • Vaporware

    A cryptocurrency project that remains in a conceptual or planning stage and is never fully developed.

  • Vesting Period

    Token lockup refers to the practice of restricting the sale or transfer of a token for a specific period of time.

  • Virgin Bitcoin

    Unspent Bitcoin refers to a Bitcoin that has been acquired but has not yet been used in a transaction.

  • Virtual Automated Market Makers (vAMMs)

    A virtual Automated Market Maker (vAMM) is a system that operates entirely on the blockchain, providing synthetic liquidity for trading derivatives.

  • Vitalik Buterin

    Vitalik Buterin is one of the co-founders of Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization after Bitcoin.

  • Volatility

    Volatility is a statistical measure that quantifies the degree of variation in returns for a security or market index, typically measured by standard deviation or variance.


    Dive deep into the meaning of WAGMI, the origins, and significance of the term 'We're All Gonna Make It' in the world of Web3.

  • Wasabi Wallet

    Wasabi is an open-source wallet specifically designed for privacy-focused Bitcoin transactions, available on Windows, Linux, and macOS.

  • Wash Trade

    Wash trading refers to a manipulative practice in which investors create artificial activity in the market by simultaneously buying and selling the same cryptocurrencies.

  • Watchdog Organization

    Watchdog organizations are non-profit entities that monitor and assess the actions of governments or other entities on behalf of the public.

  • Watchlist

    A watchlist is a feature on a website that allows users to create personalized lists of cryptocurrencies they want to track.

  • Weak Hands

    A panic seller is an investor who is prone to selling their assets at the first sign of a price decline, often driven by fear or emotional reactions.

  • Web 2.0

    Web 2.0 represents the current state of the web, enabling more user-generated content and providing greater stability for front-end users compared to Web 1.0.

  • Web 3.0

    Web 3.0 refers to the upcoming generation of the internet that is expected to introduce advanced technologies and enhanced user experiences.

  • Wei

    Wei is the smallest fraction of an Ether, with each Ether being equivalent to 1000000000000000000 Wei.

  • Whale

    Whale refers to investors who hold significantly large amounts of cryptocurrency, often possessing enough funds to potentially influence or manipulate the market.

  • When Lambo

    When crypto holders accumulate substantial wealth, they may colloquially refer to affording a Lamborghini, symbolizing luxury and financial success.

  • When Moon

    A phrase commonly used to inquire about the potential explosive growth in cryptocurrency prices.

  • White Label Staking

    In white-label staking, crypto holders have a dedicated validator node created for them, which is then managed on their behalf by a third-party operator.

  • White Swan Event

    A white swan event refers to a predictable event that is expected based on available information and forecasting.

  • Whitelist

    A whitelist is a list of interested participants in an initial coin offering (ICO) who have registered their intent to participate or purchase tokens during the sale.

  • Whitepaper

    A whitepaper is a document released by a cryptocurrency project that provides technical details about its concept, along with a roadmap for its growth and success.

  • Winding Down

    Winding down is the process of converting wrapped tokens back into their original form in decentralized finance (DeFi).

  • Winding Up

    In DeFi, winding up involves utilizing various projects to wrap crypto tokens in pursuit of optimal yield generation.

  • Yield Farming

    Yield farming refers to the practice of earning interest by investing cryptocurrencies in decentralized finance (DeFi) markets.

  • Yield Sensitivity

    Yield sensitivity, also known as interest rate sensitivity, measures the extent to which the price of a fixed income asset changes in response to fluctuations in interest rates.

  • Zero Confirmation/Unconfirmed Transaction

    In cryptography, zero-knowledge proof allows for the validation of certain information or data without disclosing the specific details to other parties.

  • Zero-Knowledge Proof

    Zero-knowledge proofs, in the field of cryptography, empower a party to demonstrate the occurrence of a transaction or event without divulging any confidential specifics regarding said transaction or event. This cryptographic technique allows for the verification of information without the need to disclose sensitive private details, ensuring privacy and confidentiality while still providing evidence of the validity of the transaction or event.

  • Zk-SNARKs

    Zero-knowledge proof enables one party to prove ownership of specific information without revealing the actual details of that information.

  • 0x Protocol

    0x is a decentralized platform built on the Ethereum blockchain that facilitates the seamless exchange of cryptocurrencies. It provides an open-source framework for the development of various decentralized applications (DApps) such as decentralized exchanges (DEXs), wallets, and marketplaces.

  • 51% Attack

    A 51% attack occurs when a single individual or a group of people controls more than 50% of the computer power or mining hash rate on a network.

  • 52-Week High/Low

    A 52-week high and low represent the highest and lowest market prices that a particular asset has reached within a span of 52 weeks, equivalent to one year. These price levels serve as reference points to gauge the asset's performance and volatility over that period.

  • 52-Week Range

    A 52-week range refers to the span between the highest and lowest prices that an asset has traded at during the preceding 52 weeks. It provides investors and traders with valuable insights into the price volatility and potential price levels of the asset over a one-year period.