InterPlanetary File System (IPFS)

What Is the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS)?

The InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is a decentralized and distributed file storage and sharing system.

Unlike traditional web-based storage systems that rely on specific server locations, IPFS uses a blockchain-like protocol to store and distribute information across a network of nodes.

Changing the Way Content is Delivered

In a traditional web-based system, accessing a web page involves using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) address to retrieve the page from a specific server.

In contrast, IPFS operates by distributing content through the closest available source.

When accessing a web page through an IPFS Gateway, you receive the same content, but it is delivered to you from the nearest computer that has already accessed that page from IPFS.

IPFS functions as a peer-to-peer (P2P) distributed storage network, allowing users to access content from the network’s distributed nodes.

This decentralized approach improves access speed and enhances the security of stored information.

Revolutionizing Content Retrieval with Content Addressing

A key advantage of IPFS is its use of content addressing to identify requested information.

Instead of relying on specific addresses or locations, IPFS uses content addressing to retrieve relevant information. This mechanism is similar to how a library operates.

When searching for a book in a library, you typically ask for it by title, which represents the content.

In contrast, a location-based search would involve specifying the book’s shelf and aisle.

IPFS relies on content keywords to fetch requested information, rather than relying on specific storage locations.

Enhancing Blockchain Projects

IPFS has gained popularity in blockchain projects due to its flexibility and security.

It has become an important tool for NFT (Non-Fungible Token) marketplaces, allowing them to store information about the works they publish.