An affiliate is an entity officially attached to another organization through an agreement or contract, publicly declaring their relationship.
The affiliation is determined based on common ownership, shared management, and a contract between the two companies.
In a broader commercial context, the term “affiliate” signifies a recognized relationship between two corporate entities governed by a contract that outlines the actions and responsibilities of each party.
This relationship allows one party to access the services of the other, even if they are not publicly connected.
The term “affiliate” is commonly used in two distinct ways:
- Corporate Affiliate: An affiliate is a company connected to another firm, typically operating in the same industry or holding shares in the parent company. This affiliation is based on corporate law and taxation.
- Online Retail Affiliate: An affiliate in online retail refers to an individual or business assisting another brand in directly or indirectly selling goods and services. They promote the products or services of the brand and receive a commission for generating sales.
Difference Between Affiliate and Subsidiary
An affiliate and a subsidiary are two related but distinct concepts.
An affiliate is a business connected to another company, often operating in the same industry or holding shares in the parent company.
In contrast, a subsidiary is owned or managed by another corporation, with the parent company controlling most of the subsidiary’s shares.
While an affiliate maintains independence with its management team and board of directors, a subsidiary is typically controlled and operated by managers appointed by the parent company.
Affiliate as an Independent Contractor
It’s important to note that an affiliate is usually an independent contractor and not an employee of the affiliated company.
The affiliate operates as a separate business entity despite the affiliation through ownership or contractual agreement.
An example of affiliate marketing demonstrates this concept.
In affiliate marketing, a seller enters into a contract with another company (the affiliate) that promotes the seller’s products or product line.
The affiliate receives a sales commission for driving sales to the seller’s business.
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