Understanding Swarms in BitTorrent
In the context of BitTorrent, a swarm refers to a group of peers actively sharing a specific torrent.
A torrent can have multiple swarms associated, and sometimes peers create their swarms.
It is important to note that sharing a file yourself is referred to as “seeding” rather than being part of a swarm.
Enabling File Sharing
Peers interact with each other over the internet, exchanging information about torrents in order to share files through the BitTorrent protocol.
BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing protocol that operates in a decentralized manner based on the end-to-end principle.
This means the network has no central point of failure or single control point.
Unlike traditional client-server architectures, BitTorrent does not rely on a central server or website for communication. Instead, peers communicate directly with each other.
Collaborative File Sharing
The BitTorrent protocol allows only one swarm to share a file at any time.
Think of a swarm as a conference call, where all participants are engaged in the same conversation.
Similarly, within a swarm, all peers share the same torrent and exchange data related to that specific file being shared.